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environmental assessment of masonry mortars made with

environmental assessment of masonry mortars made with

Environmental assessment of masonry mortars made with ...

Aug 14, 2018  10%  Methods Goal and scope of the LCA. The goal of this LCA study is to determine and compare the environmental impact associated with the production of six masonry mortars made with varying amounts of NFA, RFA, and admixture, according to ISO 14040 (ISO 2006a) and ISO 14044 (ISO 2006b).The masonry mortars considered are those determined by mortar

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An assessment of lime mortars for masonry repair.

An assessment of lime mortars for masonry repair. S. Pavía, B. Fitzgerald and E. Treacy. AAbbststrraactct . Most historic and traditional mortars were made with lime. Due to their nature and function lime mortars weather and need to be replaced. Ordinary portland cement mortars can often

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The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment ...

Dec 03, 2018  Environmental assessment of masonry mortars made with natural and recycled aggregates Authors (first, second and last of 4) Gloria M. Cuenca-Moyano

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Analysis of the properties of masonry mortars made with ...

masonry mortar in the construction of buildings carried out in Havana, it was considered essential to analyse the applicability of recycled fine aggregate in the manufacture of these mortars. In accordance with the research work carried out so far in Havana, it can be observed that the replacement of

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Development of the life cycle inventory of masonry mortar ...

Jan 01, 2017  The main aim of this study has been to develop the life cycle inventory of masonry mortars made of natural fine aggregate and recycled fine aggregate in accordance with ISO 14040 and ISO 14044, and being the system subject of study from cradle to gate level, thus boundaries included the production of the mortar components (natural fine ...

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COMPARATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF

LCA is a general environmental assessment technique that has been widely accepted and used as a base to ... masonry wall units and mortar types. Results derived from the ... The interpretation of inventory analysis and impact assessment results are made on a general basis due to

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Nondestructive testing and damage assessment of masonry ...

pointing mortars, identify grout presence and solidity, and locate embedded reinforcement or ties. 1.1. Standardized Methods Development of nondestructive and in situ test standards for masonry is ongoing with ASTM Task Groups C12.02.07 (mortar evaluation) and C15.04.06 (unit masonry evaluation) as well as RILEM Committee 177 MDT. Another group,

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The Environmental Attributes of Bricks – Masonry Magazine

Jan 23, 2012  Mortar can comprise up to 20 percent of brick masonry. A portion of the cement in mortar can be substituted with fly as – a pre-consumer waste product. Reused. The demand for reused/reclaimed bricks is high. The fact that bricks, which, in many cases, were made more than a century ago, can be used again is a testimony to the superior durability.

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Development of the life cycle inventory of masonry mortar ...

The study shall allow the impacts assessment related to masonry mortar life cycle. Abstract The use of recycled fine aggregate from construction and demolition waste as a replacement for natural fine aggregate in the manufacture of masonry mortar represents an environmental benefit that must be

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NON DESTRUCTIVE AND MECHANICAL ASSESSMENT OF

ent materials of masonry specimens, bricks, stones, mortars and a large scale walls when exposed to weathering agents and rising damp with different types of salt. It was also made an assessment of the mechanical damaging effects in the specimens. A brief theoretical introduction of the concept of salt weathering and the working principles ...

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ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT D CEMENT MORTAR FOR T

NORTH AMERICAN CEMENT MORTAR FOR TILE INSTALLATION AS DEFINED BY ANSI A118.1, ANSI A118.4, ANSI A118.11, AND ANSI A118.15 According to ISO 14025 This declaration is an environmental product declaration (EPD) in accordance with ISO 14025. EPDs rely on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to provide information on a number of environmental impacts of products

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Mechanical Behavior of Masonry Mortars Made with Recycled ...

Recycling is an important habit to avoid waste. This paper evaluates the performance of masonry mortar, elaborated by replacing natural sand with recycled fine aggregate (RFA) obtained from mortar. Five families of mixtures were prepared with different replacement proportions: 20%, 40%, 60%, and 100%. A 1:4 volumetric cement-to-aggregate ratio was used for all mixtures by experimentally ...

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COMPARATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF

LCA is a general environmental assessment technique that has been widely accepted and used as a base to ... masonry wall units and mortar types. Results derived from the ... The interpretation of inventory analysis and impact assessment results are made on a general basis due to

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Assessment of the masonry strength of the fortress in Terezin

Keywords: historic masonry, compressive strength, probabilistic methods, fortress. 1 Introduction Historic defensive structures are made of various types of masonry made from stones, fired or sundried clay bricks joined together by lime or cement mortars. Masonry is commonly exposed to environmental influences including volume

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF MASONRY INDUSTRY

10th Canadian Masonry Symposium, Banff, Alberta, June 8 – 12, 2005 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF MASONRY INDUSTRY V.A. Straka1 1Associate Professor, Dept of Architectural Science, Ryerson University , 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 2K3, [email protected] ABSTRACT The construction industry in Canada consumes more than 50% of natural resources, including

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Mortar - Civil, Structural Environmental Engineering ...

Failure of Natural Hydraulic Lime (NHL5) mortar masonry under compression at 56-days. In order to optimise bond strength, mortars should be mixed to the maximum initial flow that still yields an adequate workability. For NHL2, this optimal flow is close to 165mm; for NHL3.5 slightly below 185mm, and for NHL5 it equals 185mm.

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Life Cycle Impact Assessment of masonry system as inner ...

This paper uses this methodology to evaluate the impact of inner walls, considering as case study a traditional house in Brazil, made by: ceramic bricks masonry and sand and cement mortar.

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Utilización de árido reciclado en morteros de albañilería ...

of the life cycle inventory of masonry mortar made of natural and recycled aggregates. Journal of Cleaner Production 140, 1272-1286. ... Engineering, Environmental). G. M. Cuenca-Moyano, M. Martín-Morales, A. Bonoli, I. Valverde-Palacios, 2019. Environmental assessment of masonry mortars made with natural and recycled aggregates. The ...

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PCR for Portland Blended Hydraulic Masonry Mortar and ...

AN ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION FOR PORTLAND, BLENDED HYDRAULIC, MASONRY, MORTAR, AND PLASTIC (STUCCO) CEMENTS ... , masonry, mortar, and plastic (stucco) cements and underlying requirements of related life-cycle assessments (LCAs). These PCR are valid for, and provide requirements for, Business-to-Business (BtoB) EPDs. A BtoB EPD covers ...

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Declaration of performance (DOP) and CE marking of cement ...

6 DECLARATION OF PERFORMANCE (DOP) AND CE MARKING OF CEMENT MORTARS MADE WITH RECYCLED STEEL WASTE I. SANTAMARÍA-VICARIO, S. GUTIÉRREZ-GONZÁLEZ, V. CALDERÓN-CARPINTERO AND A. RODRÍGUEZ-SAIZ (2019). BUILDING MANAGEMENT, 3(2): 06-15 BUILDING MANAGEMENT VOLUME 3 ISSUE 2 MAY - AUGUST 2019 The process of preparing a “Declaration of Performance” is presented for a masonry mortar ...

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History of lime in mortar Graymont

The first mortars were made from mud or clay. These materials were used because of availability and low cost. The Egyptians utilized gypsum mortars to lubricate the beds of large stones when they were being moved into position(ref. i). However, these matrials did not perform well in the presence of high levels of humidity and water.

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Life cycle assessment of seismic retrofit alternatives for ...

Jul 04, 2018  ings: local replacement of damaged masonry, mortar injection, steel chain installation, and grid-reinforced mortar application. To the au-thors’ knowledge, Vitiello et al. [28] is the only study that presented the life cycle environmental assessment of different seismic retrofitting al-ternatives for a reinforced concrete building.

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Environmental impact assessment on the porous

environmental impact assessment on extended masonry surfaces, when the conversion ... investigated was made during the macroscopic in situ study of weathering and the classification of decay patterns. ... The weathering of the masonry mortars is of particular interest, as they are

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Assessment of the masonry strength of the fortress in Terezin

Keywords: historic masonry, compressive strength, probabilistic methods, fortress. 1 Introduction Historic defensive structures are made of various types of masonry made from stones, fired or sundried clay bricks joined together by lime or cement mortars. Masonry is commonly exposed to environmental influences including volume

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LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BRICK AND MORTAR PRODUCTS

Life Cycle Analysis of Brick and Mortar Products 1-1 ATHENATM PROJECT A LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BRICK AND MORTAR PRODUCTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION This report presents cradle to gate life cycle inventory estimates for masonry - brick and associated mortar - products, and explains how the estimates were developed. The work was commissioned by

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(PDF) Historic Mortars: Characterisation, Assessment and ...

This indicates a strong, non-linear relationship between mortar and masonry strength, with a maximum masonry strength of 8.9 N/mm2 for this particular brick. J. Valek et al. (eds.) Historic Mortars: Characterization, Assessment and Repair, RILEM Bookseries 7, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-4635-0_1, RILEM 2012. 359-372.

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Characterisation and damage analysis of old mortars

evaluation of the environmental circumstances that might be essential for the damaging process, as well as an assessment of the type of construction involved. Reference is made to analysis techniques that may be useful in diagnosing the problem. For sampling, often necessary for reaching a sound diagnosis, a general procedure can be found in [6].

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(PDF) Durability and Environmental Performance of Alkali ...

Besides, mortars made with raw waste mud were not very 3,600–3,700 关Hydroxyl 共OH兲 stretch兴. However the main musco- stable from a structural point of view because they easily showed vite peak did not disappear totally indicating only a partial trans- a lot of efflorescences in the surface of the specimens.

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Environmental Factors Affecting Corrosion of Steel Inserts ...

Environmental Factors Affecting Corrosion of Steel Inserts in Ancient Masonry Luca Bertolini 1 ... materials of the masonry (e.g. mortar, bricks) may be harmful for the durability of the whole structure, ... In order to study the behaviour of steel embedded in a masonry made of fired bricks and a blended

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Durability of Masonry Mortar

durability of both the masonry units and mortar, as well as proper installation of a damp proof course; the durability of the mortar contributes significantly to the overall durability. Mortars used in masonry structures exposed to aggressive environments are designed to resist a range of possible physical and chemical degradations.

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Declaration of performance (DOP) and CE marking of cement ...

6 DECLARATION OF PERFORMANCE (DOP) AND CE MARKING OF CEMENT MORTARS MADE WITH RECYCLED STEEL WASTE I. SANTAMARÍA-VICARIO, S. GUTIÉRREZ-GONZÁLEZ, V. CALDERÓN-CARPINTERO AND A. RODRÍGUEZ-SAIZ (2019). BUILDING MANAGEMENT, 3(2): 06-15 BUILDING MANAGEMENT VOLUME 3 ISSUE 2 MAY - AUGUST 2019 The process of preparing a “Declaration of Performance” is presented for a masonry mortar ...

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08 Chapter 3

CHAPTER 3 DAMAGE ANALYSIS AS A STEP TOWARDS COMPATIBLE REPAIR MORTARS Rob P.J. van Hees1, Luigia Binda2, Ioanna Papayianni3, Eleni Toumbakari4 1 TNO Building and Construction Research, The Netherlands 2 Politecnico di Milano, Italy 3 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece 4 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium 1. Introduction The aim of this chapter is to gain a better

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Masonry Cement - Fairborn Cement Company

Masonry Cement Fairborn Cement Company’s masonry lines are registered and marketed under the MIAMI trade name. Masonry cement when combined with mason sand and clean water, produce masonry mortar. Mortar is the glue that bonds masonry units like brick, block and stone together to form a single mass. Combined and with the artful hand of []

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Holcim Theodore Cement Plant Environmental Product

Masonry (Type S and N) cements as produced at Holcim’s Theodore, AL plant. The life cycle assessment was prepared according to ISO 14025:2006, ISO 21930:2017 (the core PCR) and the NSF product category rules for Portland, Blended, Masonry, Mortar and Plastic (Stucco) Cements (subcategory PCR). This environmental product

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ASTM C1496 - 18 Standard Guide for Assessment and ...

Stone cladding is typically connected to a backup material with a variety of anchoring methods, including traditional hand-set masonry anchors such as straps, dowels, cramps, hook-and-eyes, dove-tails, wire ties, and the like. Joints between stones in these types of buildings are usually filled with mortar

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A SITE VULNERABILITY STUDY FOR WUPATKI PUEBLO,

2.7.4 Mortar 15 Section 3: Literature Review 20 3.1 Performance of Rubble Masonry Walls and Earthen Mortar Systems 20 3.1.1 Rubble Masonry 20 3.1.2 Stabilized Ruins and Open-Air Masonry 21 3.2 Frameworks for Vulnerability Studies 22 iii

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